States where gun laws are relaxed tend to have higher rates of gun violence and deaths. West Virginia has one of the highest rates of gun deaths per capita in the country and nearly double the national rate of gun suicides. According to a report by Mayors Against Illegal Guns, there is another possible consequence for an easier ability to buy and carry a gun – guns are relatively easy to buy in the state, to be traded elsewhere, and used in crimes. For every 100,000 people in the state, West Virginia is the source of 46.8 weapons that are ultimately used in crimes in other states. Cook wrote that “there is an emerging consensus that the causal effect of secret port deregulation (by replacing a restrictive law with a PSTN law) as a whole was to increase violent crime.”  Donohue and Cook argue that the crack epidemic has made it difficult to determine the causal effects of the laws on the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons and that this has not made previous results conclusive; Recent research does not suffer from the same challenges when it comes to causality.  A 2018 literature review conducted by rand concluded that concealed wearing has no impact on crime or that it can increase violent crime. The review states: “We found no qualifying studies showing that secret wearing laws [of violent crime] have decreased.”  In Kansas, firearms are prohibited in psychiatric facilities, places of worship, and public sporting events. However, the state`s gun laws are relaxed in a variety of other ways. The state passed a law in 2015 that allows adults to carry a hidden gun without a license or license.
In addition, the state does not require background checks, permits, or waiting periods for the purchase of firearms, nor does it limit the number of firearms that can be purchased at the same time. Some states require a firearms refresher course to renew a license, while others allow automatic renewal if the licensee has submitted the required documents before the license expires. Vermont`s gun laws are exceptionally lenient, even among the other states on this list. Vermonters can carry firearms of any kind, open or hidden, anywhere in the state except on school grounds or in a courthouse. There are also no screening processes such as background checks, quantity limits, or wait times required by state law. Those who have committed violent or firearm-related offenses, the mentally ill, and the state`s drug and alcohol addicts are all legally able to purchase a firearm. On July 24, 2014, Washington D.C became a constitutional port jurisdiction for a brief time when the handgun ban was declared unconstitutional and the verdict was not suspended.  The decision states that any resident who possessed a legally registered handgun could carry it without a licence and that non-residents could carry it without a criminal conviction. The verdict was subsequently suspended on 29 July 2014.     The potentially higher risk of violence in states with less stringent restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms is not limited to those states. Weapons can be purchased legally and in large quantities in one state and smuggled into another. In this way, not only are firearms sold illegally, but transactions become extremely difficult to monitor.
States “can issue” can range from permissive to restrictive, largely depending on each agency`s willingness to issue permits. .